The evolution of tourism refers to how the gradual development of tourism took place at different periods based on development. The development and revolution of tourism activities are brought by the means of transportation and industry. The development of transportation and the industrial revolution directly help people to travel to different places or destinations and resulted in the enhancement and development of tourism sectors.
Since the beginning of human civilization, traveling has been a human phenomenon. At an early age, traveling was only for the purpose of pilgrimage, migration, trade, commerce, and exploration rather than for pleasure and entertainment.
Evolution of tourism
First epoch (first stage)
It refers to tourism before the railway which represents the period before 1840 A.D where traveling was primarily undertaken for the purpose of trade and pilgrimage.
The medieval period is between the 12th to 17th century the Europeans had a different nation of traveling, if not traveled then those people were highly neglected in the society.
In the 18th century, the motive for traveling has been changed. During this period people started to travel to “SPA” for the care of some diseases.
Second epoch (Second stage)
The industrial revolution (1760-1840) brought great technological development and also affected social life. It brought a change in the economy, lifestyle, and urbanization. The most dramatic change during the time was the increase of the population in and around the industrial area. The migration of town leads to the creation of new household separation from relatives, family and other hands they have to increase their income and purchasing power which are the precondition of travel.
The second phase of tourism marks the onset of the industrial revolution. The introduction and development of railways after 1830 AD revolutionized the entire scenario of traveling. The first-ever rail link between Liverpool and Manchester in the same year can be regarded as the landmark in the history of mechanized transport. The introduction and development had a profound effect on transport. In 1841 AD Mr. Thomas Cook, who was the pioneer of railway travel and he also introduced the idea of the package tour.
After this” American express” and “Cox and King” two famous travel agencies which have facilitated traveling next to Thomas Cook.
Third epoch (third stage )
At the start of 20th century, all the main component of modern tourism was developed which change the mental attitude of people towards pleasure, fun, leisure, relax and entertainment. A growing need to find relief from working routine by visiting away from home has improved the passenger transport system. After the second world war the standard of living of the working and middle class raised in the industrial countries. The war also changes the concept of the people, especially in the internationalism developed. This is the most favorable climate where tourism flourishes. Thus the 20th century can be called “the century of mass tourism”.